Health?

It should be understood by U.S. consumers federal agencies exist merely to protect the government and its assorted industries - not the consumer. The only protection a consumer has is his or her own research and self education on any given topic, particularly where health issues are concerned.


Is It Ok To Eat Something That Has A Face?

Think About It.

The Cattle & Human Genomes Are 83% Identicle

SERIOUS INFORMATION ABOUT MEAT
If you are what you eat and what you eat is infected, sick and dying from disease... how does this affect your health? Something to think about.

It is important to *know* the source of the meat you eat, and it is just as important to know what the animal was fed and *how* the animal was killed.

For many unfortunate animals the butchering process begins before the animal is dead. Are you aware of this brutal practice?


Why is it important to know these things?
When an animal is frightened, when it is terrified prior to its death (not unlike a human being), and if the butchering process begins before the animal is dead, which is frequently the case today, the meat is tainted. It is filled with hormones which are not healthful for human beings. Also consider the fact that the frightened animal who has undergone a series of vaccinations produces an increased level of toxins' from the vaccine. The meat is literally infected naturally, artificially and or both. The hormones in beef are addictive.

"As concerns excess intake of hormone residues...
a risk to the consumer has been identified with different levels of conclusive evidence for the six hormones in question" Read: Beef Hormones and Cancer

It is suggested that you ask questions concerning the origin of the meat. Does the meat come from the U.S., or does it come from Europe, Mexico, Argentina, etc. Where ever the meat comes from, what are the health and inspection standards?

Ask... was the animal vaccinated? How educated are you about vaccine and the health issues surrounding it? Who produces vaccine for animals and is mercury used in the vaccine? What did the animal eat? Was it fed commercial feed (refuse)? Who is the maker of the commercial feed? Was the feed labeled correctly? Most commercial feed is made up of offal. Offal is the biological refuse, sludge, trash, garbage unfit for human or animal.


Cattle Are NOT Carnivores
Any idiot knows cattle are herbivorous. Cattle should *NEVER* be forced to eat any feed containing the blood, bone, and waste of other animals, and including recycled human waste, sludge. This is a criminal lunatic practice which must be stopped - - if it were not lucrative it would be stopped, but corporations are greedy. To use cattle as a garbage disposal is cruel, it causes disease in cattle and human alike. Have you ever witnessed cattle killing each other or gnawing on the bones of dead animals, or eating a dead animal? Of course, NOT!

It is also suggested that you ask questions about the accepted practices of the slaughter house where the animals are killed. Slaughter houses need to be and must be investigated by the general public. No one can trust the federal bureaucracy in these matters. Your health depends on people unknown to you doing their job correctly. Do they care about your health and that of your family, or do they care about their paycheck? Are you comfortable with that level of caring, or would you rather not think about it? The fact that the consumer would rather not think about it is the precise reason infected meat reaches the market place.


Did you know... the American consumer have been eating meat from "Downer" cattle and other sick animals for many years. Also, imagine what your pets are being fed!
Diseased Animals Have Been Approved For Consumers?


Have you ever visited a slaughter house and have you noticed the people who work there? Ask your retailer what slaughter house(s) he obtains his beef from. Does he know the origin(s) of the meat products he is selling to the public? Does he know the answers to these questions? Is he completely informed concerning the practices of that slaughterhouse? How about the processing plant? By the way... the people who work in the meat department of your local Walmart store haven't a clue about the origin(s) of the meat products sold by Walmart. Why is that?

Are Meat Workers Getting Cancer From Infected Meat? Cancer And Meat Workers

While questioning will anger some retailers of meat products, legitimate retailers of meat products will not mind giving you straight answers to your questions - if they know the answers. Legitimate retailers will appreciate you asking. However, when you start asking SERIOUS questions be prepared to meet with opposition and indignant responses. You should not be shocked when you find a great deal of ignorance among commercial retailers and wholesalers of meat products.



Canadian Mad Cow Report Points to U.S.
3 July 2003

http://www.lasvegassun.com/sunbin/stories/w-na/2003/jul/03/070302076.html

TORONTO (AP) - Canada's lone case of mad cow disease may have originated in the United States, according to a report issued Thursday by Canadian investigators, who have been unable to pinpoint the source of the infection.

In its final report, made public Thursday, on the case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE, detected May 20 in Alberta, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency raised the possibility the disease arrived in Canada in a large 1998 shipment of pregnant U.S. cows.

The 25,000 animals were born before a ban imposed a year earlier on cattle feed containing animal protein from cows and other ruminants. Eating infected tissue is considered the most likely way that BSE is spread among cattle.

According to the report, DNA testing is underway to try to learn if the single infected animal in Alberta, known as the index case, had any links to the cows imported in 1998.

"Canada cannot, to date, exclude the possibility that the index case itself derived through this huge, unique importation," the report said.

A team of international experts that assessed Canada's investigation of the mad cow case reached no conclusion on the origin of the illness in its report, issued last week. The panel of experts had access to the final CFIA report.

Proving the BSE infection originated in the United States would create more confusion than clarity. While Canada could say the problem originated elsewhere, rather than within its industry, the integration of the U.S. and Canadian industries would raise questions about possible BSE in both countries.

The United States and other countries have closed their borders to Canadian beef imports since the lone BSE case was announced May 20, costing the Canadian industry millions of dollars a day.

Canadian officials said Thursday that tracking the cows from the 1998 shipment would be almost impossible, due in part because the Canadian Cattle Identification Program started after the animals arrived.

"The trail is cold. It would probably be close to impossible to find the exact origin of all these animals," said Claude Lavigne of the CFIA. "They've lost identification on the way."

The CFIA report says more than 70 percent of the cattle in the 1998 shipment were Black Angus, the same breed as the northern Alberta cow that later developed mad cow disease.


Canada's Latest BSE Infected Bovine

WARNING: The BSE infected cow's remains (her body) were sent to a rendering plant which boils animal products into a protein ingredient used in livestock and pet food, among other things ("other things" means, human food (processed foods), vaccines and medications). Authorities have traced the cow's remains through shipments of animal protein to several feed mills and farms - - Reuters reported on May 24, 2003. Warning: Beef proteins are used by the pharmaceutical and vaccine industries, as well as, food enhancement for human consumption.

The January 31, 2003 test results from a BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) infected Canadian cow were released for public information on the 20th of May 2003. Take note - - on the 20th of May the AP reported, 15 January 2003 the USDA increased testing for BSE. What did the U.S. KNOW in January 2003? Coincidence? probably not, when one considers political and economic implications.

Canadian officials claim the infected cow was "slaughtered last winter." The cow was slaughtered, and then what? Officials also claim the infected cow did not enter the food chain. Officials claim, "it's just one isolated case of an eight-year-old cow."

However, Canada's chief veterinary officer, Brian Evans, stated (21st May 2003 Washington Post Article), "in addition to the 150-head herd in which the case (BSE infected cow) was found, authorities traced 211 animals (Canadian cattle) that left the herd in the three years of its existence (2001 - 2003?). All those animals are now in quarantine and being tested."


USDA Says No Further Action To Combat BSE
From a report on May 20th 2003, USDA Undersecretary J.B. Penn said the department did not plan to take any further action to combat mad cow disease since the USDA has sent a team of investigators to assist the Canadians.

It is estimated during 2002 more than a million live cattle and 1 billion pounds of beef were shipped to the United States from Canada. Were all of these cattle tested for BSE? No, of course not. The man-power does not exist to carry out such a large scale task. The BSE test is not fool-proof and is quite difficult for veternarians to diagnose. With the way "BSE testing" is apparently handled (results showing up months later) infected meat can easily enter the grocery stores.

Dr. Claude Lavigne, a spokesman for the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, said (22 May 2003) there was "a distinct possibility" more herds could be added to the quarantine list. Thus far 9 herds of Canadian cattle have been quarantined. Two of the herds are in Saskatchewan and seven are in Alberta - a total of 9. As of May 24th the quarantine has reached 16 herds. Since 1990, Canada, the world's fourth-largest exporter of beef, has allegedly prohibited the import of cattle or cattle by-products from countries infected with BSE.


BSE INFECTION IN THE U.S.
MAD COW HAS SPREAD WORLD WIDE


UPI reported 23 December 2000 that the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a global warning that "Mad Cow (BSE) and its fatal human variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease has spread world wide through the movement of contaminated materials." The USDA allegedly tested 19,990 cattle for bovine spongiform encephalopathy - this is said to be more than triple the 5,272 cattle tested in 2001 a year after the WHO issued the warning. Does anyone pay attention or care.

5 Canadian Bulls

On 4 June 2003, the AP reported that five bulls from a Canadian herd that included a cow infected with mad-cow disease were shipped to Montana six years ago (1997) and have since been slaughtered, marketed and consumed by beef-eating Americans. Some of the cattle were also shipped to South Dakota and who know where else. No one is talking.

ALMOST NO RISK... Surely They Jest!
December 23, 2003: Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman announces first suspected appearance of mad cow disease in the United States. A BSE infected cow, from a farm near Yakima, Wash., was slaughtered Dec. 9, 2003. Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman said parts of the animal went to three processing plants in Washington State. But she said there was no danger to the food supply because "muscle cuts of meat have almost no risk." ALMOST NO RISK? It's all about money and keeping the public calm. CJD (brain wasting disease) accounts for at least 300 deaths a year in the United States.

USDA refused to release mad cow records "...former USDA veterinarians tell UPI they have long suspected the disease (BSE) was in U.S herds and there are probably additional infected animals."(UPI 23 Dec 2003). [As of 16 January 2004 there are 19 head of cattle from the Canadian herd of 81 cattle that entered the United States in 2001 -AP- LasVegasSun]. Comment: It is not only feed made from refuse (offal) and the bodies of infected animals that destroys the health of cattle but the horrendous cruelty they are subjected to at the hands of man.

Questions - What vaccines are being used on cattle and from what labs are they purchased - - and from what sources are pharmaceutical labs obtaining their ingredients for both human and animal pharmaceutical applications? From what sources does the food industry obtain their beef proteins? What are the Canadian feed-lots feeding cattle? Does Canada or the U.S. import cattle feed from the U.K. or any other BSE infected country? Obviously they do, unfortunately. Range Fed U.S. beef may be the safest, but once the cattle leave the rancher's property - - what are the U.S. feed-lots feeding our cattle? Canada - Infected Feed? U.S. Food and Drug Administration said it has found prohibited animal tissue in feed from six Canadian animal feed companies since BSE infection was announced in Washington state December 2003.

BEEF FROM BRAZIL AND MEXICO
Brazil, S.A., a large beef exporter to the U.S. claim no BSE infected cattle exist in their country. If Brazilian officials are telling the truth, then why is Brazil on the BSE list? Mexico is silent on the BSE issue and yet Mexico is on the BSE list. One cannot help but wonder... [G.H.]



New Jersey - 7 Died From Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Janet Skarbek, an accountant, discovered the cases after an acquaintance died of the illness in 2000. She contacted the CDC. Seven people died of a closely related disease after eating at the Garden State Race Track in Cherry Hill, N.J. The seven apparently died of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, according to the CDC. However, Tom Skinner, a spokesman for the CDC, said the federal agency and the New Jersey State Health Department looked into the cluster. The cases, he said, all had sporadic CJD, the brain disease that is not believed linked to eating infected beef. Janet Skarbek said she did not hear back from CDC for several months, not until a case of mad cow disease surfaced in a Washington state Holstein. Then, she said, she got a call Dec. 31 [2003] from epidemiologist Lawrence Schonberger, who asked her a number of questions. Schonberger could not be reached for comment yesterday. [7 January 2004 www.philly.com ]


BSE Infection Kills 2 People In The U.S. and 6 others in the Denver, Colorado, Exempla St Joseph Hospital are also exposed to the deadly Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease - 2001. "It wasn't immediately known when the patients died, spokes woman Kathleen Ferguson said, but she said at least six other patients may have been exposed to CJD through surgical instruments used while treating the two patients who died." In other words the surgical instruments were infected.

Canadian Officials Lied about Second CWD Infected Deer
Late March 2003, CWD (chronic-wasting disease) outbreak discovered in "farm-raised" deer in Alberta, Canada (NationalPost - 12 June 2003). The Canadian Food Inspection Agency does not release the information to the public until June and when queried about a second deer known to be CWD infected the officials lied about it - - WHY? CWD is also spreading in the U.S. among deer and elk herds in the wild and those raised on private game farms have been infected. The means of transmission is unknown.

Italy Infected With BSE
September 2002, Italy's Health Ministry reported 73 cows tested positive for BSE. A 28 year old woman is dead from the infection, and (over time others will also die from the infection). The woman suffered for six months with pain in her back and legs, progressive disturbance in her walking and unpleasant sensations when her skin was touched. The report: The Lancet Medical Journal.

The Irish Are Intentionally Infected With BSE
7 January 2001 - "Mad Cow" Cover-up In Ireland
Dublin reportedly knew infected cattle were undetected at meat plants. The authorities have known for more than a year that cattle infected with Mad Cow disease (BSE), linked to the deadly vCJD in humans, have been passing undetected through meat plants around the country. (Irish Independent).

Special Forces Sgt. James Alford, 25-year-old U.S. Green Beret dying from Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. What are our troops being fed? Infected beef or infected sheep brains Arab locals served to U.S. soldiers as an honor in Oman two years ago? More

Is The Food Supply Infected?
It was 1986 when the presence of BSE infection was made known to the public. During the year 2000 the WHO issued a health warning that mad cow disease and its fatal human variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease had spread worldwide through the movement of contaminated materials - - world wide includes the U.S. Dr. Maura Ricketts, of the WHO's animal and food-related public health risks unit stated, "We have concerns that there was sufficient international trade in meat and bone meal and cattle that there has actually been exposure worldwide already. We have enough information that potentially contaminated materials were exported outside the European Community. It is not possible to confirm which countries might be affected until the WHO and the other agencies have had a chance to gather information in each country individually."

Why is this important?
Because during the year 2000 the U.S. imported more than 200,000+ pounds of diseased beef from countries banned from selling meat products to the U.S. due to BSE infection in meat products from the countries in question. A member of the USDA's Economic Research Service, said "Of most concern are records indicating the imports of 2,156 pounds of meat and edible meat offal from Britain and 970 pounds from Spain." Offal contains brain tissue and poses a serious risk of infecting humans with "mad cow disease," scientifically known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE. However, the U.S. allegedly received exports from BSE infected countries during each month in 2001.

Feds Lower U.S. Food Safety Standards
In 2000 the federal government lowered food safety standards for poultry, beef and pork (a new pilot program). The federal agency overseeing food inspection imposed new rules reclassifying diseased animal carcasses as safe for human consumption. The government believes it is ok for you to eat infected meat with no risk to your health.

House Panel Denies USDA Label Money During 2002 Bush signed the labeling program into law last year as part of a $190 billion farm bill. The Agriculture Department estimates it would cost $1.9 billion to keep careful records on where the animals were born, raised and slaughtered. However, House Appropriations agriculture subcommittee voted in June of 2003 to deny funding for program. The decision was made on a unanimous voice vote. Funding is needed for implementation and interestingly, the U.S. announces its first publicly known BSE infection. USDA Country of Origin Labeling: http://www.ams.usda.gov/cool/

Infected Meat Sold For Public Consumption
This is what's going out to grocery stores - - meat from Downer cattle (very sick cattle) infected with viruses and cancers; worm infested meat and meat with diseases caused by worms and parasites in general; meat with infectious arthritis; meat with sores and lymphomas; fecal infected meat; bangs infection (cattle syphilis); brucellosis and tuberculosis in cattle; Bovine Leukemia - BLV Cancer Virus - BLV currently infects the majority of dairy and beef herds in the United States and Canada. Also See: Prions and Viroids. Not only beef but poultry infected with pneumonia, bird flu, West Nile virus, and fish laden with mercury are consumed by tens of millions of people every day. If you are what you eat... are you free of disease?

Vaccination Needles - Re-used
Something to consider: Cattle are vaccinated and the same heavy duty syringes and implant guns are used many times on many cattle without sterilization of the instruments. If even one head of cattle is BSE or BLV infected, for example, it stands to reason the infection is transmitted to others in the herd. Blood-borne virus are transmissible. It is estimated that almost 90% of U.S. dairy cattle are infected with one thing or another. Also See: http://www.notmilk.com

Infected Vaccine - It's Everywhere
What Happens When... bovine materials used to make vaccine can't be traced to a specific country which is frequently the case? Based on a year 2000 report, vaccines are involved because the bovine material(s) used to make them came from countries of unknown origin which may be BSE infected and this also includes the U.S. (paper work is often times conveniently lost). The contaminated vaccines alleged to contain vCJD - the fatal human form of BSE, are; type-b flu shots from Aventis Pasteur, also marketed by Smith-Kline Beecham in the U.S. as OmniHIB; DPT shots for diptheria, pertussis, and tetanus from North American Vaccine, Inc. and Smith-Kline Beecham; and Smith-Kline's Havrix hepatitis-A vaccine. Vaccines made by Aventis, Bioport and Lederle for anthrax, polio and rabies. Even the controversial mumps measles and rubella vaccine cocktail (MMR) given to babies was contaminated according to British reports. There are in excess of 800 Medicines which could carry vCJD - the human form of the fatal BSE.

Meat consumption is dangerous to public health
The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM)recommended the U.S. Department Justice prepare a case against major meat producers and retailers. "Meat consumption is just as dangerous to public health as tobacco use," says Neal D. Barnard, M.D., PCRM president. A study conducted by PCRM and published in Preventive Medicine in 1995 calculated that meat consumption is directly responsible for as much as $61 billion in annual U.S. medical costs. The conservative study looked at just seven health problems linked to meat consumption, including heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. In 2003, Beef companies are being told to stop using the American Heart Association (AHA) logo. However, the question begs to be asked, what effect on human health does the consumption of diseased meat have?

There Is No "Fool-Proof" Test For BSE?
For some amazing information... read the January 15th 2002 report by the Food Safety and Inspection Service United States Department of Agriculture (FSIS) - The Harvard risk assessment on BSE - "On Measures That Could Be Implemented To Minimize Human Exposure To Materials That Could Potentially Contain the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Agent." Click Here

Gelatin - Vaccines - Chicken
The gelatins utilized in vaccines, biologics, capsules, plasma expanders, drug delivery, and other pharmaceutical applications are procured from animal materials and may infect people if the origin of the materials are not known and tested to be free of BSE infection. A BSE link has been alleged to be firmly established between gelatin, which is made from the skins, tendons and boiled bones of Cattle and is also used in yoghurt and some wines. USDA rules require proteins of animal origin be declared by species on labels of meat and poultry products, except for gelatin since it is used as a binder in various poultry products. Beef solutions (proteins) are also used in processing some chicken - if the origin of the "Beef proteins" are not traceable to the country of origin the chicken could carry BSE infection.

Chicken with bovine and pork DNA
BBC reporters were told by Dutch manufacturers that beef DNA can now be manipulated in such a way that the safety authorities' tests cannot detect it. The company says the bovine DNA comes from milk protein and the presence of pork DNA in one sample may be the result of laboratory contamination. The industry has been extracting hydrolysed beef proteins to inject into chicken and other meats, including ham, for more than 10 years. The company admits it does not test its beef for BSE. (The Sydney Morning Herald)

Vegetarian Dies of Mad Cow Disease (TimesOnLine)


The Increase In Alzheimer's, or Is It Really Alzheimer's?
In a 2002 report scientists at Washington University in St. Louis Missouri claim there is evidence linking Alzheimers to E Coli. Dr. Matt Chapman said: "Some people who get E coli may be at risk of amyloid breaking away in the gut, getting to the brain via the blood." The report fails to mention - eating infected meat is likely to produce serious damage to human health. vCJD and CJD mimic symptoms of Alzheimer's and also a variety of psychiatric diseases. As diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease skyrocket could the real culprit be vCJD and CJD - - there are multiple strains of CJD. Either way, Alzheimer's or BSE related infection the bottom line for the infected human being is neuro-degenerative disease - - a fancy term for "Brain Wasting Disease." Neuro-degenerative conditions, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (attacks nerves in the brain).

Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and TSE's?
Consider the fact that transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE’s) such as scrapie in sheep and goats, "Mad Cat" disease - - CWD is present in the U.S. CWD also infects elk, white-tailed deer, and mule deer but is not thought to infect livestock or humans, yet. The disease was described 35 years ago in Colorado and has spread to many areas in the U.S. Unfortunately, few hunters bother to test their "kill" for the presence of CWD (Chronic Wasting Disease). In light of this and other factors, there is cause for serious investigation concerning the staggering increase in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease over the past 35 years.

5 Prion Diseases Affect Human Beings
At this time (2003) there are five prion diseases known to affect humans - CJD, Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease, kuru (cannibalism), nvCJD, and fatal insomnia. In all cases - the infecting agent is believed to be a prion (and associated strains?). No treatment is known and the disease is fatal. The on-set of symptoms can take years to manifest after the person becomes infected. Psychiatrists have also warned that it is almost impossible to distinguish the early symptoms of new-variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (nvCJD) from psychiatric disorders.

U.S. Imports Infected Meat
As previously mentioned - - during 2001 - 2002 the U.S. imported in excess of 200,000 pounds of infected (or banned) beef from foreign countries. 2,156 pounds of "meat and edible meat offal" were imported from Britain. Offal is refuse and is literally unfit for human consumption. Offal also contains "brain tissue." The Netherlands exported 349,000 pounds to the U.S. The Netherlands and Britain are "mad cow" (BSE) infected countries. Countries on the BSE INFECTION LIST include France, Germany, Austria, Poland, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, and Croatia. The U.S. received exports from BSE states during each month in 2001. Cattle from BSE infected herds in Canada were imported to to the U.S.(South Dakota and Montana), slaughtered, sent to market, and eaten by consumers approximately 5 to 6 years ago... it is now 2003.

The Alzheimer's Epidemic
During a conversation with a medical doctor whom prefers to remain anonymous, he stated; "There is a strong similarity between the symptoms in patients infected with CJD (human version of BSE and the new strain vCJD) and Alzheimer's. Today, due to the infected food supply Alzheimer's patients should be tested for CJD and vCJD infection." He also stated; "CJD and vCJD are not easily diagnosed by your physician, you will have to insist on testing." The fact is, as of 2003, there is no such thing as a 100% reliable test for the human form of BSE, variant CJD infection. An autopsy is usually not performed on someone believed to have died from Alzheimer disease, therefore CJD and vCJD go undetected and unreported.

The Symptoms....
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease - First symptoms may mimic psychological problems, such as memory problems, mood changes and insomnia. Symptoms include the lack of co-ordination, staggering, loss of sense of direction, loss of control over limbs and bodily functions. Typical of any "Brain Wasting" disease, including Alzheimer's disease, the progression leads to shakiness and dementia (mental deterioration). Victims are eventually unable to move or speak. Since there is no reliable "test" for the infection beware of surgery, blood transfusions, organ transplants and invasive dentistry. Be highly cautious of vaccines and other medications which may transmit the infection due to infected source materials used in the manufacturing process. The symptoms can take months or years to manifest. CJD normally strikes people 55 or or older, incubates silently for years and usually kills within six months of first symptoms. vCJD kills people in their 20s and 30s and death typically comes about 14 months after the first symptoms. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/cjd/cjd.htm Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Foundation: http://cjdfoundation.org
Partial List of BSE Infected Countries
[January 2004] Antigua and Barbuda -Argentina -Australia -Austria - Barbados -Brazil -Bulgaria -Cambodia -Canada (ban limited to processed meats for political and economic purposes) -Chile -China, including Hong Kong -Colombia -Costa Rica -Dominican Republic -Egypt -France - Germany - Grenada -Guyana -Indonesia - Ireland - Italy -Jamaica -Japan -Jordan -Kuwait -Lebanon -Malaysia -Mexico -Netherlands - Nicaragua -Peru -Poland - Russia -Singapore -South Africa -South Korea - Spain -Switzerland - Taiwan -Thailand -Trinidad and Tobago -UK - Ukraine -Uruguay -Venezuela -Vietnam...
  Fish Fed Manure From
Pigs, Ducks, Chickens


Chicken dung used to feed fish may help spread bird flu
By Michael McCarthy, Environment Editor
http://news.independent.co.uk/environment/article335356.ece
Published: 28 December 2005

Bird flu may be spread by using chicken dung as food in fish farms, a practice now routine in Asia, according to the world's leading bird conservation organisation.

Fertilising fish ponds with poultry faeces, which can dramatically improve fish growth, may set up major new reservoirs of avian influenza infection if the chickens providing the manure are infected themselves, according to BirdLife International, the Cambridge-based umbrella body for bird protection groups in 100 countries.

The suggestion, which has echoes of the BSE outbreak in Britain - when cattle were infected by their food - puts a question mark over a technique firmly backed by the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) as a primary means of providing protein for mushrooming populations in developing countries.

Known as integrated livestock-fish farming, the technique involves transferring the wastes from raising pigs, ducks or chickens directly to fish farms. At the right dosage, the nutrients in the manure give an enormous boost to the growth of plankton in the ponds, which are the main food of fish such as carp and tilapia.

BirdLife International is now calling for an investigation into the possibility that thousands of manure-fed ponds across Asia may be the means by which the new potentially deadly strain of avian influenza, H5N1, is being spread. BirdLife points out that outbreaks of H5N1 have occurred this year at locations in China, Romania and Croatia where there are fish farms.

The Chinese outbreak of H5N1 in May, which mainly involved bar-headed geese, took place at Qinghai Lake, a location where the FAO helped establish an integrated livestock fish farm in the early 1990s, BirdLife said.

"This outbreak helped lead to the widespread media speculation about wild birds spreading H5N1," said Richard Thomas from BirdLife. "We pointed out that bar-headed geese migrate from India, where H5N1 has never occurred, and migrate early, so they must have contracted the disease locally, at Qinghai."

Although no mention has been made of the possible links between manure-fed ponds and influenza in the recent alarm over bird flu, the issue has been raised before, and the FAO, although actively promoting the technique, is well aware of the threat.

Its 2003 report, Integrated Livestock Fish Farming Systems, noted: "Recently, livestock and fish have been implicated in the irregular occurrence of influenza pandemics; the global impacts on public health of promoting livestock and fish integration are huge if these claims are substantiated."

In fact, the FAO may have been aware for very much longer that some scientists think there is a risk. The 2003 report includes a reference to a paper published in the journal Nature in 1988. This paper, by Christoph Scholtissek from the University of Giessen in Germany and Ernest Naylor from the University of Bangor in Wales, was titled Fish Farming and Influenza Pandemics. It said that bringing together fish farms with farm livestock "may well be the creation of a considerable human health hazard".

However, the FAO has continued to promoted integrated livestock fish farming actively throughout the ensuing period.

BirdLife's director Dr Michael Rands said: "We are not aware that people have confirmed that that is a likely cause - but people have suggested it. If it's a possibility, and if it presents a serious human health risk, it certainly ought to be researched, and if it has been researched, the research should be out there for us all to see."

* A village in Romania has been quarantined after five chickens there tested positive for the H5 variant of bird flu, the head of the country's National Animal Health Agency has said.

The virus was detected on Friday in the village of Albesti, 62 miles east of Bucharest. The virus was also confirmed in the nearby village of Stelnica. Samples will be sent to Britain for further tests.

Bird flu may be spread by using chicken dung as food in fish farms, a practice now routine in Asia, according to the world's leading bird conservation organisation.

Fertilising fish ponds with poultry faeces, which can dramatically improve fish growth, may set up major new reservoirs of avian influenza infection if the chickens providing the manure are infected themselves, according to BirdLife International, the Cambridge-based umbrella body for bird protection groups in 100 countries.

The suggestion, which has echoes of the BSE outbreak in Britain - when cattle were infected by their food - puts a question mark over a technique firmly backed by the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) as a primary means of providing protein for mushrooming populations in developing countries.

Known as integrated livestock-fish farming, the technique involves transferring the wastes from raising pigs, ducks or chickens directly to fish farms. At the right dosage, the nutrients in the manure give an enormous boost to the growth of plankton in the ponds, which are the main food of fish such as carp and tilapia.

BirdLife International is now calling for an investigation into the possibility that thousands of manure-fed ponds across Asia may be the means by which the new potentially deadly strain of avian influenza, H5N1, is being spread. BirdLife points out that outbreaks of H5N1 have occurred this year at locations in China, Romania and Croatia where there are fish farms.

The Chinese outbreak of H5N1 in May, which mainly involved bar-headed geese, took place at Qinghai Lake, a location where the FAO helped establish an integrated livestock fish farm in the early 1990s, BirdLife said.

"This outbreak helped lead to the widespread media speculation about wild birds spreading H5N1," said Richard Thomas from BirdLife. "We pointed out that bar-headed geese migrate from India, where H5N1 has never occurred, and migrate early, so they must have contracted the disease locally, at Qinghai.

"Although no mention has been made of the possible links between manure-fed ponds and influenza in the recent alarm over bird flu, the issue has been raised before, and the FAO, although actively promoting the technique, is well aware of the threat.

Its 2003 report, Integrated Livestock Fish Farming Systems, noted: "Recently, livestock and fish have been implicated in the irregular occurrence of influenza pandemics; the global impacts on public health of promoting livestock and fish integration are huge if these claims are substantiated."

In fact, the FAO may have been aware for very much longer that some scientists think there is a risk. The 2003 report includes a reference to a paper published in the journal Nature in 1988. This paper, by Christoph Scholtissek from the University of Giessen in Germany and Ernest Naylor from the University of Bangor in Wales, was titled Fish Farming and Influenza Pandemics. It said that bringing together fish farms with farm livestock "may well be the creation of a considerable human health hazard".

However, the FAO has continued to promoted integrated livestock fish farming actively throughout the ensuing period.

BirdLife's director Dr Michael Rands said: "We are not aware that people have confirmed that that is a likely cause - but people have suggested it. If it's a possibility, and if it presents a serious human health risk, it certainly ought to be researched, and if it has been researched, the research should be out there for us all to see."

* A village in Romania has been quarantined after five chickens there tested positive for the H5 variant of bird flu, the head of the country's National Animal Health Agency has said.

The virus was detected on Friday in the village of Albesti, 62 miles east of Bucharest. The virus was also confirmed in the nearby village of Stelnica. Samples will be sent to Britain for further tests.
 




Home | Guests | NewsViews And UpDates |GeorgeAnn's Art Gallery
|Library |Health |Downloads |Animals Need Friends


Notice: all articles are posted for educational and research purposes only.
Copyright materials belong to their respective authors.